An In-depth Understanding of the Manufacturing Industry in Egypt

An In-depth Understanding of the Manufacturing Industry in Egypt


The manufacturing industry in Egypt has played a crucial role in the country’s economic development and growth. With its government initiatives to promote industrialization, Egypt has become an attractive destination for manufacturing investments.  Let’s delve into the key aspects of the manufacturing industry, including its growth drivers, prominent sectors, challenges, and future prospects of business setup in Egypt.


Egypt has a rich historical legacy of craftsmanship and industrialization. The country’s modern manufacturing sector traces its roots back to the early 19th century when cotton textile mills were established. Since then, Egypt has witnessed significant industrialization. Expanding its manufacturing base to various sectors such as textiles, food processing, chemicals, automotive, construction materials, and more.

Growth Drivers:

Several factors contribute to the growth and development of the industry. These can help to be potential reasons to invest in Egypt.

  • Strategic Location: The country’s strategic location at the crossroads of Europe, Africa, and Asia makes it an ideal hub for international trade and investment. Its proximity to major markets enables efficient logistics and easy access to diverse customer bases.
  • Skilled Workforce: Egypt boasts a large pool of skilled labor, including engineers, technicians, and craftsmen. The universities and technical institutes produce a steady stream of qualified graduates, contributing to the availability of a skilled workforce for the manufacturing industry.
  • Government Support: The Egyptian government has implemented various policies and initiatives to attract domestic and foreign investment in the manufacturing sector. These include tax incentives, infrastructure development, streamlined regulations, and special economic zones.

Key Manufacturing Sectors:

The manufacturing industry in Egypt encompasses a wide range of sectors. Here are some of the prominent sectors driving the country’s industrial growth:

  • Textiles and Garments: Egypt has a long-standing tradition of textile manufacturing, and the sector remains a significant contributor to the country’s economy. Egyptian cotton, renowned for its quality, is sought after worldwide.
  • Food Processing: The food processing industry in Egypt is expanding rapidly to meet the growing domestic and international demand. The sector includes processed foods, beverages, and agro-industrial products.
  • Chemicals: Egypt has a well-established chemicals industry, encompassing petrochemicals, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. The country’s natural gas reserves contribute to the growth of the chemicals sector.
  • Automotive and Engineering: Egypt has witnessed the emergence of a thriving automotive industry, with several international manufacturers setting up production facilities in the country. The engineering sector also plays a vital role, in producing machinery and equipment for various industries.


While the manufacturing industry presents numerous opportunities. It also faces certain challenges that need to be addressed and can be crucial to understand when choosing to invest in Egypt:

  • Infrastructure: The country’s infrastructure, including transportation networks and utilities, requires further development and improvement to support the expanding manufacturing sector adequately.
  • Bureaucracy: Despite efforts to streamline regulations, bureaucratic hurdles and red tape still pose challenges for businesses, hindering the ease of doing business.
  • Skills Gap: While Egypt possesses a large workforce, addressing the skills gap and ensuring a continuous supply of skilled labor across various manufacturing sectors is crucial.
  • Access to Finance: Access to affordable financing options remains a challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the manufacturing industry. Encouraging financial institutions to provide adequate funding can foster growth and innovation.

Future Prospects:

Egypt’s manufacturing industry is poised for continued growth and expansion. The government’s focus on economic reforms, infrastructure development, and diversification of industrial sectors bodes well for the future. Additionally, initiatives promoting research and development (R&D), innovation, and technology adoption will enhance the industry’s competitiveness in the global market.

The prospects of the manufacturing industry in Egypt are promising. It is supported by several statistics that indicate a positive trajectory for business setup in Egypt:

GDP Contribution

Manufacturing plays a significant role in Egypt’s economy, contributing a substantial portion to the country’s GDP, according to recent data. The manufacturing sector accounted for around 17% of Egypt’s GDP, demonstrating its crucial role in driving economic output.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

Egypt has attracted substantial foreign direct investment in the manufacturing sector. In recent years, FDI inflows into manufacturing have been steadily increasing, indicating the confidence of international investors in Egypt’s business environment and growth potential.

Export Performance

The manufacturing industry has been a major contributor to Egypt’s export performance. The sector has consistently showcased strong export capabilities, with various manufactured products finding markets worldwide. For instance, textiles and garments, chemicals, and food processing products from Egypt have gained recognition and demand in international markets.

Job Creation

The manufacturing industry in Egypt has been a significant generator of employment opportunities. The sector provides jobs for a large number of skilled and semi-skilled workers, contributing to the reduction of unemployment rates and the improvement of livelihoods.

Government Initiatives

The Egyptian government has demonstrated a strong commitment to supporting the manufacturing industry through various initiatives. Efforts to improve infrastructure, streamline regulations, establish special economic zones, and offer incentives to domestic and foreign investors create a conducive environment for business setup in Egypt.

The manufacturing industry in Egypt has emerged as a significant driver of economic growth and development. With its strategic location, skilled workforce, and government support, Egypt offers a favorable environment for manufacturing investments.

Despite challenges such as infrastructure limitations and bureaucratic hurdles. The industry continues to thrive, particularly in sectors like textiles, food processing, chemicals, and automotive. With ongoing reforms, a focus on innovation, and improved access to finance. Egypt’s manufacturing industry looks into a promising future, contributing to job creation, exports, and overall economic prosperity.